By National Community Mapping Institute
YPLL is a widely used measure of the rate and distribution of premature mortality. Measuring YPLL allows communities to target resources to high-risk areas and further investigate the causes of premature death. YPLL emphasizes deaths of younger persons, whereas statistics that include all mortality are dominated by deaths of the elderly. For example, using YPLL-75, a death at age 55 counts twice as much as a death at age 65, and a death at age 35 counts eight times as much as a death at age 70. Including all mortality instead of YPLL in the County Health Rankings could draw attention to areas with higher mortality rates among the oldest segment of the population, where there may be little that can be done to change chronic health problems that have developed over many years.
Data Source: NVSS-M (CDC/NCHS); Bridged-Race Population Estimates for Census 2000 and 2010 (CDC, Census, CDC/NCHS and Census, CDC/NCHS)